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Conference Close Message from IEC2M Organizing Team
Warmest congratulations on the success of the 1st International Electronic Conference on Metallurgy and Metals (IEC2M). Many thanks for your participation.
All participants of IEC2M are welcome to submit the extended work to the Metals Special Issue "Selected Papers from the 1st International Electronic Conference on Metallurgy and Metals (IEC2M 2021)".
The winners of IEC2M Best Paper Award and Best Poster Award will be announce on 20th March 2021.
Welcome from the Chair
It is my pleasure to invite you to join the 1st International Electronic Conference on Metallurgy and Metals (IEC2M) that will be hosted online at https:sciforum.netconferenceIEC2M
Metallurgy and Metals play a crucial role in current technology and have critical importance in addressing major societal challenges. Among them, process metallurgy (i.e., extracting metals from their ores to make refined alloys), physical metallurgy (i.e., shaping, alloying, heat treatment, joining, corrosion protection, and testing of metals), and critical metals recovery from secondary waste streams are of outstanding importance. IEC2M will present the state-of-the-art of Metallurgy and Metals related to these issues.
IEC2M 2021 will promote and advance the exciting and rapidly changing field of Metallurgy and Metals. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to the following:
2. Powder Metallurgy
3. Corrosion and Protection
4. Biobased and Biodegradable Metals
5. Metal Forming
6. Additive Manufacturing
7. Metal Failure
8. Metal Recycling
IEC2M 2021 will enable you to share and discuss your most recent research findings with the worldwide vibrant community of scientists and engineers in the field.
IEC2M 2021 will make your presentation accessible to hundreds of researchers worldwide, with the active engagement of the audience in question and answer sessions and discussion groups that will take place online.
Submitted abstracts will be reviewed by the conference committee. The authors of accepted contributions will be invited to produce an extended abstract for the conference proceedings along with a slide presentation of their work. Following the conference, outstanding contributions will be invited to be submitted for publication in Metals.
IEC2M 2021 is a new and exciting experience for me that I believe this event will contribute to the dissemination of knowledge despite the situation regarding Covid-19. IEC2M 2021 will contribute to the dissemination of research in an online environment that will maintain the same standards and structure of traditional conferences but will be more inclusive by eliminating the cost and time barriers that prevent participation in physical events.
I hope you will join us and present your work at IEC2M 2021, and be part of this exciting online experience.
Prof. Eric D. van Hullebusch
Université de Paris / Institut de physique du globe de Paris
Associate editor Metals
Chair of the 1st International Electronic Conference on Metallurgy and Metal (IEC2M)
Conference SecretariatMs. Harley Wang
Ms. Lyra Xing
Ms. Sunny He
Ms. Maggie Guo
Ms. Sally Xu
Conference Email Group: [email protected]
Professor Eric D.van Hullebusch
Université de Paris / Institut de physique du globe de Paris
Prof. Eric D. van Hullebusch is an Associate Editor of Metals, an international open access journal publishing papers devoted to the in-depth understanding of the relationship between the structure, properties, or functions of all kinds of metals. Eric van Hullebusch is a Full Professor at Université de Paris and Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (France). Prof. van Hullebusch’s research mostly focuses on investigating the biogeochemistry of base, precious, and critical metals in engineered ecosystems dedicated to resource recovery (e.g., biohydrometallurgy). He has co-authored more than 230 papers in leading international journals, and he has been involved in editing several monographs published by Springer. See http://www.ipgp.fr/fr/van-hullebusch-eric for more information
Prof. Dr. José Manuel Torralba
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain
Prof. Dr. Belén Díaz Fernández
University of Vigo, Spain
Prof. Dr. Leszek Adam Dobrzanski
Medical and Dental Engineering Centre for Research, Poland
Prof. Dr. Filippo Berto
Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway
Prof. Dr. Andreas Chrysanthou
University of Hertfordshire, UK
Dr. Jae-chun Lee
Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM) and Korea University of Science and Technology (KUST), Korea
Dr. Alex Lanzutti
Università degli Studi di Udine, Italy
Prof. Dr. João Pedro Oliveira
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal
Prof. Dr. Mónica Campos
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain
Prof. Dr. Alexandre Chagnes
University of Lorraine, France
hydrometallurgy; electrochemistry of lithium–ion batteries; solution chemistry; recycling
Prof. Dr. Nader Asnafi
Örebro University, Sweden
metal forming, metal additive manufacturing, generative design, topology optimization, lightweighting, tools and dies, circular life cycle
Prof. Dr. Francisco J. G. Silva
Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Portugal
wear, hard coatings, materials, manufacturing processes (machining, welding, forming, die-cast injection, plastic moulding), industrial management
Prof. Dr. Elena Gordo
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain
powder metallurgy; titanium alloys; metal-ceramic composites; surface treatments; additive manufacturing
Prof. Dr. Eric Hug
Normandy University, France
plasticity mechanisms; plasticity modelisation; dislocations and twinning; size effects in metals; corrosion; magnetic and electrical properties; spark plasma sintering; additive manufacturing
Dr. George Pantazopoulos
ELKEME - Hellenic Research Centre for Metals S.A, Greece
failure analysis; fracture analysis; fractography; fracture mechanics; mechanical behavior of materials; metallography; scanning electron microscopy; manufacturing technology; materials processing; machinability; surface engineering; corrosion; tribology; quality assurance; design of experiments
Prof. Dr. David M. Bastidas
The University of Akron, USA
corrosion; inhibition; electrochemistry; materials performance; reinforced concrete structures
Prof. Dr. Martin Leitner
Graz University of Technology, Austria
fatigue design; technological aspects; modern fatigue approaches; fatigue strength of cast aluminum
Dr. Alessandra Varone
University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy
liquid metals; welding; high temperature materials; steels; sintering; electron microscopy (TEM, SEM); surface analyses (XPS, AES); X-ray diffraction; mechanical spectroscopy
Dr. Srecko Stopic
RWTH Aachen University, Germany
Hydrometallurgy; recycling; nanotechnology; waste water treatment; recycling; materials engineering; environmental protection
IEC2M Live Session
On 25 February 2021, Prof. Dr. Eric D. van Hullebusch chaired the live session of The 1st International Electronic Conference on Metallurgy and Metals.
Prof. Dr. João Pedro Oliveira first described recent technological variants in Wire and Arc Additive Manufacturing (WAAM) of advanced engineering alloys to control defect formation and microstructure. Special emphasis was given to a hot forging WAAM, recently developed by his current research team. His presentation was not recorded upon his request.
Dr. Akira Otsuki then presented his research in metal recovery for sustainable resource utilization, including the sustainable beneficiation of complex primary and secondary raw materials (fluorescent powders and printed circuit board).
After each speaker presentation, a Q&A session moderated by the conference chair was held to answer all questions submitted by live online audience.
Speaker: Prof. Dr. João Pedro Oliveira
Prof. Dr. João Pedro Oliveira is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering at Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa. So far, he has published more than 75 peer-reviewed papers and has a Scopus h-index of 23. He has also presented several oral communications and posters at international conferences. He currently supervises four PhD students and co-supervises another three. He has led multiple industrial and fundamental research projects in the areas of welding and joining. In total he has been granted up to around €800,000 in research projects. His research activities and participation in seminar and training schools allowed him to acquire competences in several characterization techniques such as SEM, TEM, X-ray diffraction using both conventional and synchrotron radiation sources, thermal analysis, and mechanical testing, among others. His research interests include weldability and the correlation between the microstructure and mechanical behavior of different classes of materials, such as shape memory alloys, Co-based superalloys, high-entropy alloys, and stainless steels. Additionally, João has a special interest in additive manufacturing techniques.
Speaker: Dr. Akira Otsuki
Dr. Akira Otsuki is a faculty member of ENSG, GeoRessources Laboratory, University of Lorraine (FR), a guest professor in non-destructive characterization and selective material recovery at Lulea University of Technology (SE), and a visiting researcher in Neutron Beam Technology Team at RIKEN (JP). He received his PhD in 2007 in Geosystem Engineering from The University of Tokyo, Japan. He is a member of several academic societies, including Int. Waste Working Group. He has been acting as journal editors and also organizing journal special issues relevant to nondestructive characterization/testing and selective material recovery, including “Advances in Characterization of Heterogeneous Metals/Alloys”. Dr. Otsuki’s research is specialized in the area of characterization and processing of complex materials which include colloids, waste materials, and natural ores. He has extensive exchange programs with different research and academic institutions around the world and is performing world class collaborative research in characterization and processing.
Instructions for Authors
- Scholars interested in participating in the conference can submit their abstract (about 200–300 words) online on this website until 7 January 2021.
- The Conference Committee will notify authors of the acceptance of their abstract by 17 January 2021.
- In case of acceptance, authors will be asked to submit their manuscript, along with a presentation and optionally a video presentation of his/her paper (only PDF), until the submission deadline of 7 February 2021.
- The manuscripts and presentations will be available on https://sciforum.net/conference/IEC2M for discussion and rating during the time of the conference from 22 February-7 March 2021.
- The open access journal Metals will publish a Special Issue of the conference proceedings papers (https://www.mdpi.com/journal/metals/special_issues/iec2m2021).
- All accepted extended abstracts will be published as one dedicated volume in MDPI Materials Proceedings series journals (ISSN 2673-4605, https://www.mdpi.com/journal/materproc).
- After the conference, the Conference Committee will recommend manuscripts that may be included for publication in this Special Issue.
Manuscripts for the proceedings issue must have the following organization:
- Full author names
- Affiliations (including full postal address) and authors' e-mail addresses
- Results and Discussion
Manuscripts should be prepared in MS Word or any other word processor and should be converted to PDF format before submission. The publication format will be PDF. The manuscript should be at least three pages (incl. figures, tables, and references). There is no page limit on the length, although authors are asked to keep their papers as concise as possible.
Authors are encouraged to prepare a presentation in PowerPoint or similar software, to be displayed online along with the manuscript. Slides, if available, will be displayed directly on the website using the https://sciforum.net/conference/IEC2M proprietary slide viewer. Slides can be prepared in the same way as for any traditional conference where research results are presented. Slides should be converted to PDF format before submission so that our process can easily and automatically convert them for online display.
Besides their active participation within the forum, authors are also encouraged to submit video presentations. If you are interested in submitting a video presentation, please contact the conference organizer at [email protected] to find out more about the procedure. This is a unique way of presenting your paper and discussing it with peers from all over the world. Make a difference and join us for this project!
Authors that wish to present a poster only, i.e., without a proceedings paper, can do so in section I. Posters of this conference. Posters will be available on this conference website during and after the event. Like papers presented at the conference, participants will be able to ask questions and make comments about the posters. Posters that are submitted without a paper will not be included in the proceedings of the conference.
Submission: Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.sciforum.net/login by registering and logging in.
Accepted File Formats
- MS Word: Manuscripts prepared in MS Word must be converted into a single file before submission. When preparing manuscripts in MS Word, the Electronic Conference on Surfaces, Coatings, and Interfaces Microsoft Word template file (see download below) must be used. Please do not insert any graphics (schemes, figures, etc.) into a movable frame which can superimpose the text and make the layout very difficult。
- LaTeX: Manuscripts prepared in LaTeX must be collated into one ZIP folder (include all source files and images, so that the Conference Secretariat can recompile the submitted PDF). When preparing manuscripts in LaTeX, please use the 6th Electronic Conference on Sensors and Applications LaTeX template files.
For Microsoft Word template file, please click here.
For LaTex template file, please click here.
Paper Format: A4 paper format, the printing area is 17.5 cm × 26.2 cm. The margins should be 1.75 cm on each side of the paper (top, bottom, left, and right sides).
- Formatting/Style: Papers should be prepared following the style of Metals. The full titles and the cited papers must be given. Reference numbers should be placed in square brackets [ ], and placed before the punctuation; for example, [1,2], , or [1–3], and all the references should be listed separately and as the last section at the end of the manuscript.
- Author List and Affiliation Format: Authors' full first and last names must be given. Abbreviated middle names can be added. For papers written by various contributors, a corresponding author must be designated. The PubMed/MEDLINE format is used for affiliations: complete street address information including city, zip code, state/province, country, and email address should be added. All authors who contributed significantly to the manuscript (including writing a section) should be listed on the first page of the manuscript, below the title of the article. Other parties, who provided only minor contributions, should be listed under Acknowledgments only. A minor contribution might be a discussion with the author, reading through the draft of the manuscript, or performing English corrections.
- Figures, Schemes, and Tables: Authors are encouraged to prepare figures and schemes in color. Full color graphics will be published free of charge. Figures and schemes must be numbered (Figure 1, Scheme I, Figure 2, Scheme II, etc.) and an explanatory title must be added. Tables should be inserted into the main text, and numbers and titles for all tables supplied. All table columns should have an explanatory heading. Please supply legends for all figures, schemes, and tables. The legends should be prepared as a separate paragraph of the main text and placed in the main text before a table, figure, or scheme.
For further inquiries please contact us at [email protected]
It is the authors' responsibility to identify and declare any personal circumstances or interests that may be perceived as inappropriately influencing the representation or interpretation of clinical research. If there is no conflict, please state here "The authors declare no conflict of interest." This should be conveyed in a separate "Conflict of Interest" statement preceding the "Acknowledgments" and "References" sections at the end of the manuscript. Financial support for the study must be fully disclosed under the "Acknowledgments" section.
MDPI, the publisher of the Sciforum.net platform, is an open access publisher. We believe that authors should retain the copyright to their scholarly works. Hence, by submitting a Communication paper to this conference, you retain the copyright of your paper, but you grant MDPI the non-exclusive right to publish this paper online on the Sciforum.net platform. This means you can easily submit your paper to any scientific journal at a later stage and transfer the copyright to its publisher (if required by that publisher).
List of accepted submissions (31)
|Id||Title||Authors||Presentation Video||Presentation Pdf|
The Effects of Cyclic Close Die Forging on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Ti – 5Al – 3Mo – 1.5V Alloy
Submitted: 16 Dec 2020
Abstract: Show Abstract
Superplastic behaviour of certain metals and alloys having very fine grains, very large tensile elongations are obtained within certain temperature ranges at low strain rates. In this work, Ti – 5Al – 3Mo – 1.5V alloy was produced and studied. This paper aims to study the effects of cyclic close die forging on microstructure and mechanical properties of this alloy by considering variable parameters such as deformation temperature (Td) from 8500C, 9000C and 9500C and the number of cycles performed while forging in closed die (n) of 3, 6 and 9 times. The response is average grain size (dtb) and tensile stress (σb). The results indicated that the smallest average grain size 1 μm could be obtained at Td = 9000C, n = 9 times and the tensile stresses are enhanced. The experimental results we obtained also suggest that the microstructure of Ti – 5Al – 3Mo – 1.5V alloy is accordant for for superplastic deformation. The superplastic forming can show maximum elongation of 1000% or more.
Derivation of appropriate conditions for Additive Manufacturing technology using hot-wire laser method
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Submitted: 08 Dec 2020
Abstract: Show Abstract
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The aim of this research was to develop a high-efficiency and high-material-utilization additive manufacturing technology using the hot-wire laser method. In this study, the optimization of process conditions using a combination of a high-power diode laser with a relatively large laser spot hot-wire system was investigated. The effects of welding parameters such as the laser power, process speed, and wire feeding rate (wire feeding speed/process speed) on the bead appearance evaluation and the cross-sectional characteristics ( e.g. effective width, effective height, maximum height, and near net shape rate) were studied in detail. The process phenomena of the three-layer and multi-layer deposition were investigated by in-situ observation via a high-speed camera. Energy density input and wire feeding rate were found to be dominant parameters influencing both the stability of phenomena and bead appearance. With the increase of process speed, the effective width decreases, the effective height, maximum height, and the near net shape rate increases. Additionally, all measured values of the wire feeding rate of 30 improve compared with the values of the wire feeding rate of 20. The near net shape rate increased and the effective width over 10mm of three-layer deposition for the laser spot width of 11 mm was obtained with suitable process parameters. The defect-free 15-layer wall modeling of more than 50 mm in height, 8 mm in width, and 250 mm in length was obtained with high efficiency using the optimum conditions by the hot-wire laser method.
The multifunctional roles of chitosan in the formation of flower-shaped palladium nanoparticles
Submitted: 19 Dec 2020
Abstract: Show Abstract
The chemical and physical routes are usually used to synthesis the metal nanoparticles. However, the harmful effects on the environment and human health turn the scientists on finding greener methods. We have developed the novel green method for the synthesis of the flower-shape palladium nanoparticles (FPNPs) based on the chitosan (CS) polymer. In this method, CS can work as a stabilizer, a shape-directing agent, and a size-controllable agent for the synthesis of these nanoparticles. We proposed the growth model of FPNPs in the presence of CS to interpret mechanistic understanding. This study provided pioneer evidence about the multifunctional roles of natural polymer in the preparation of metal nanoparticles. Deep and extensive studies should be conducted to explore the great benefits of natural polymers in the green synthesis of metal nanoparticles
Investigation of factors influencing on the autoclave tests results of internal anticorrosive polymer coatings
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Submitted: 06 Dec 2020
Abstract: Show Abstract
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In the oil and gas industry the majority of equipment failure incidents are caused by corrosion. One of the effective methods for corrosion protection is usage of different coatings systems. The article presents the results of polymer powder coatings properties research that used to protect the inner wall of field pipelines.
Autoclave tests were used for researching coatings properties. Autoclave studies consisted of decompression tests and HT/HP immersion tests in simulated environments. The studies were carried out in solutions containing CO2, H2S in the gas phase, as well as in the phases of combined composition. The liquid phase was 5% NaCl with different pH levels. The influence of pressure release time, exposure time, pressure release cyclicity and composition of test solution on the functional properties of the coating was studied. Systems based on polymer powder coatings were used as test samples.
The work result is the clarification of the autoclave tests methodological features and the identification of factors affecting the results repeatability. Identical coating systems have been tested over a wide temperature range, showing signs of coating degradation as test temperatures increase. Also given an example of autoclave test usage as a method for detecting low quality application of paint system. The results of the work will be useful in planning a test program for the development of new anticorrosive internal pipe coatings.
Influence of structural heterogeneity of high-strength OCTG tubes on sulfide corrosion cracking resistance
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Submitted: 07 Dec 2020
Abstract: Show Abstract
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High-strength OCTG tubes like C110, according to API 5CT (yield strength at least 758 MPa), are subject to requirements in terms of mechanical and corrosion properties. Steels of that group must combine high strength characteristics and resistance to a process of general corrosion and sulfide corrosion cracking (SSC). Extreme operating conditions require the high quality of the steels and determine the requirements for the level of alloying and purity for detrimental impurities, as well as for the chemical and structural homogeneity of the fabricated tubes. The production of these tubes is complicated because of influence on final structure by all parts of manufacturing from smelting and casting, to rolling and final heat treatment.
In this work, we studied the influence of seamless tubes microstructure with a 177.8 mm diameter and 10.36 mm wall thickness of high-strength steel (yield strength more than 758 MPa) to sulfide stress corrosion cracking (SSC) and sulfide stress corrosion cracking with low strain rates (SSRT). Tubes were obtained from continuous billets by screw piercing with preliminary quenching and tempering.
It was established that cracking during the tests always begins from the inner surface of the tube. Rough segregation bands were found on the inner tube surface, which occupies about a third of the thickness. The segregation bands consist of bainite varying degrees of tempering with a hardness from 280 (light band) to 320 HV (dark band). In the dark band, in comparison with the soft light ones, the content of chromium, molybdenum and niobium is increased. In addition to dispersed niobium, molybdenum, and chromium carbides formed during rolling and heat treatment, coarse niobium and titanium carbonitrides formed in the solidifying metal were found in the band. Thus, it has been shown that zonal segregations formed in continuous casting are not eliminated during rolling but are transformed in the region of banding of the inner pipe surface, which cannot be eliminated by heat treatment. Recommendations for the ladle treatment and casting of these steels are proposed, as well as modes of heat treatment to minimize the harmful effect of the segregated banding found on the pipe properties.
SSRT method helps more accurately and faster study the performance of steels in the development of technology for their production. But to verify of SSRT methods and the development of criteria for evaluating materials, a large statistics of two parallel tests is needed - standard tests according NACE TM 0177 (SSC) and SSRT methods.
We are pleased to announce that the IEC2M Best Paper Award and Best Poster Award were granted to :
|Best paper award 500 CHF||Best poster award 500 CHF|
Fuyao Yan, Jiayi Yan and David Linder
Kurniawan Kurniawan, Jae-chun Lee, Jonghyun Kim, Rina Kim and Sookyung Kim
The Best Paper Award is given for the paper judged to make the most significant contribution to the conference.
The Best Poster Award has been established to recognize the scientific merit exhibited in poster presentation and preparation.
Professor Eric Hullebusch, Université de Paris / Institut de physique du globe de Paris
B. Powder Metallurgy
Professor José Manuel Torralba, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain
Professor Andreas Chrysanthou, University of Hertfordshire, UK
Professor Mónica Campos Gómez, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain
C. Corrosion and Protection
Professor Belén Díaz Fernández, University of Vigo, Spain
E. Metal Forming
Professor João Pedro Oliveira, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal
F. Additive Manufacturing
Dr. Alex Lanzutti, Università degli Studi di Udine, Italy
H. Metal Recycling
Dr. Jae-chun Lee, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM) and Korea University of Science and Technology (KUST), Korea